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-An unparalleled cultural heritage of the world, with valuable information on art, religions, ethnology, etc. (It was designated as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations in 1987).

-A unique art gallery on-site in the desert.

-The best preserved and the largest Buddhist art treasure in the world.

-Caves are situated along a cliff face (1680 metres long) from north to south, a total of 735 are labeled, of which 492 have decoration and/or statues.

-45,000 square metres of murals and 2415 stucco statues in total.

-The grottoes were constructed and renovated continuously with devotion and care between the 4th and the 14th centuries.

-More than 50,000 manuscripts, written or painted between the 4th and the 12th centuries, were found in the Library Cave in 1900.

-"Dunhuang Studies" was developed to research the rich contents, of different cultures and in different languages, found in Dunhuang.